Pelton turbines can operate under a wide range of heads, from 200 to 1,800 meters

Based on our experience in the field, we offer vertical shaft machines that are equipped with multi-jet collectors up to an output of about 350 MW, and with runner diameters up to 4 m.

For smaller units, we provide horizontal shaft single or double runner Pelton turbines with one or two jets. These turbines operate economically with the lowest discharges.

Alstom patented Hooped Pelton runners design, whose buckets are supported by 2 separate hoops, minimises the fatigue stress at bucket fixation, reducing the inspection and maintenance costs and maximising the plant availability.

Pelton hydro turbine

Capable of providing the same hydraulic efficiency levels as a standard Pelton, but better resisting to mechanical stress, the need for repeated quality inspections and associated labour costs and plant outages. As it is possible to replace individual buckets instead of the complete runner, replacement costs of ageing runners are reduced.

Alstom develops, case by case, design and coating solutions for customers to combat silt abrasion problems.

High Velocity Oxy Fuel (HVOF) hard coating

This technology is particularly well suited to Pelton runners. Coating is sprayed onto all surface areas by a robot. The high abrasion and fatigue resistance of the HVOF coating is achieved using a metal substance embedded with tungsten carbide ceramic powder. The application technique used creates a high-density layer of coating with very strong bonding capabilities, which is on average 0.3 mm thick.

Specific hydraulic design initiatives

Analysing the flow dynamics in order to adjust the turbine design profile in areas that are more prone to erosion.

Use of numerical computational fluid dynamics simulation tools to predict effects of silt abrasion on turbine performance. 

Pelton hydro turbine
  • Ji Sha (China), 2005 - 2 x 61.5 MW Hooped Runner - Head: 485 m.
  • Daï Ninh (Vietnam), 2007 - 2 x 153 MW - Head: 627 m.
  • Vishnupravag (India), 2006 - 4 x 103 MW - Head: 914 m.
  • Yele (China), 2000 - 2 x 122.5 MW - Head: 580 m.

Hydropower solutions

Alstom hydro turbines and generators installed worldwide represent more than 25% of the total hydro power capacity today. We have the broadest range of hydro solutions and services: from water to wire, from individual equipment to complete turnkey solutions, for new plants and the installed base.