Alstom in France

Key figures

  • Alstom France represents 8.800 employees, all proud of their knowhow, exported worldwide.
  • With 12 sites in 10 regions, 30 after-sales service depots and a maintenance centre based in Reims: France is Alstom’s primary industrial base.
  • Alstom, a partner with close proximity to its suppliers, invests to support its partners in the French rail industry:
    • 75% of the purchases of Alstom’s French sites are made in France
    • 4,500 partner suppliers, based in France, with whom our teams collaborate
    • 27,000 jobs generated for our partners through our projects in France
  • Alstom S.A.’s turnover in 2015/16: 2.3 billion euros, of which 40% was for export.

Alstom is the established reference for urban rail transport, regional and main lines in France. Alstom is a pillar of the French rail industry, a major partner of agglomerations, the French regions, and operators such as SNCF and RATP. Alstom’s presence across the territory, through its industrial sites and services, accomplishments and partnerships, maximises proximity to its clients to accompany them in the long-term use of their rail equipment.

Urban trains

  • Citadis and Translohr trams continue their expansion in France: Aubagne, Lyon, Montpellier, Paris, Tours, Valenciennes…
  • Citadis Dualis tram-trains: in April 2007, SNCF selected Alstom and its Citadis Dualis to supply 200 tram-trains to the French regions. To date, they have been ordered by the regions of Pays de la Loire (commissioned in 2011), Rhône-Alps (in service since 2012), and Ile-de-France (ordered in 2014).
  • Metro: Alstom contributes to the development of Paris transport by manufacturing the suburban MI09 train sets for the RER A, inaugurated in December 2011. Alstom also produces the MP05 and MF01 train sets of the Paris metro. In January 2015, Alstom was selected by RATP – mandated by STIF and SGP – to supply up to 217 MP14 trains to the Paris and Greater Paris network over a period of 15 years. The Lille metro project (new material, renovation of the VAL 208 and the Urbalis Fluence signalling system) has also been assigned to Alstom.

Main line trains

  • Coradia Polyvalent for the French regions and TET*
    The regional Coradia Polyvalent trains for Régiolis, the new-generation single-deck TER**, entered commercial service in April 2014. Added to this, 34 Coradia Liners in their 160 km/h version were ordered in 2013 to modernise the fleet of Intercity trains.
  • Very high speed:  the launch of Euroduplex
    For 30 years, Alstom has been designing very high speed trains of which over 1000 are in circulation worldwide. 720 TGVs have been ordered in France since 1981, and 150 Duplex trains are currently in circulation. In 2007, in partnership with SNCF and RFF, Alstom set a new world speed record for rail with 574.8 km/h on the new LGV Est line. Euroduplex, the new very high speed train, was used for the entry into service of the new Rhine-Rhône high speed line. Interoperable, it has been serving the Frankfurt-Marseille link since March 2012 and Paris-Barcelona since December 2013.


  • Track: Appitrack (Reims tramway system, Orléans, Toulouse Line G) Electrification: LAC (Trams of the Strasbourg Extension Line A); Substation (Reims tram, Grenoble Line E, Lille test track, Sillon Alpin Sud, LGV Est; APS (Bordeaux tramway system, Reims, Orléans, Angers, Tours).


  • Urbalis Fluence for the Lille metro; Nîmes Montpellier bypass; LGV Est phase signalling and substations; PAI / PAI-NG (Dijon Perrigny, Mitry Villeparisis, Metz Ville and Metz Sablon, Onville – Novean Orly, Le Bourget); ERTMS corridors C & D; on board equipment ERTMS/KVB for SNCF.

Maintenance & Modernisation

  • Tramway systems (Orléans, Valenciennes and Reims); Corail B6 cars; MI79 suburban trains; BB37500 freight locomotives; Training centre; Global components distribution centre at Valenciennes. 

*TET (trains d’équilibre du territoire) - France’s intercity trains
*TER (transport express regional) – the regional rail service of SNCF

Alstom is committed to the social and economic development of the French regions – “made in France” – and plays an active role in strengthening the rail industry’s foothold in France.

  • Alstom Transport has received the “Responsible Supplier Relations Label”: a label awarded by the State to French companies that conduct long-lasting and well-balanced relationships with their suppliers and SMEs. The label reinforces Alstom Transport’s partnerships with its suppliers, complementing the ten commitments of responsible purchasing defined by the Responsible Supplier Relations Charter, of which Alstom was one of the first signatories in 2010. The aim of the charter is to encourage companies to adopt responsible purchasing practices towards their suppliers.  
  • In 2013, Alstom Transport joined forces with other companies to create “Croissance Rail”, an investment fund dedicated to the French rail sector.  With €40 million at its disposal, the mission of Croissance Rail is to invest, in the form of minority holdings, in successful and dynamic companies with sizeable activities and promising prospects in the French rail sector, with growth potential in France and internationally.

Alstom France is also a partner of structural programmes for the rail sector:

  • Engaged in numerous competiveness clusters:
    For example, Alstom is a member of the technological research institutes Railenium and SystemX as well as SYSTEM@TIC (Ile de France), I-TRANS (Nord-Pas-de-Calais), PRIMES and MipyRail (Midi Pyrénées), Microtechnique (Franche-Comté), Up-Tex (Nord-Pas-de-Calais), LUTB Transport & Mobility Systems (Rhône Alpes) and Véhicule du futur (Franche-Comté and Alsace).
  • Engaged in regional clusters, company networks largely made up of locally-based SMEs or very small businesses:
    For example, INGERA² (Rhône-Alpes Auvergne) or the Mecateam cluster, «Engins Mobiles» (Bourgogne).

1879: Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques (SACM) opens a locomotive manufacturing site in Belfort.

1928: CFTH (Compagnie Française Thomson-Houston), French subsidiary of General Electric, and SACM merge part of their electrical engineering and rail transport activities to create a joint subsidiary, Als•Thom.

1932: Alsthom merges with Constructions Électriques de France (CEF), a rail equipment and locomotive construction company.

1969: CGE (Compagnie Générale d’Electricité) becomes Alsthom’s main shareholder. Following the integration of CGEE, Europe’s biggest electricity company, Alsthom now employs over 50,000 people and accounts for one third of CGE’s revenues.

1976: Alsthom merges with Chantiers de l’Atlantique and changes its name to Alsthom Atlantique.

1978:The factory at Belfort delivers the first TGV pre-series train set to SNCF.

1979:Alsthom reorganises its activities: naval construction becomes the third division, alongside the ones dedicated to the production of electricity and rail transport.  

1981: Le TGV between Paris and Lyon is inaugurated on a high speed line specially constructed for this purpose.

1982: Nationalisation of CGE, which will be privatised once again in 1987.

1985: Alsthom Atlantique changes its name back to Alsthom.

1988: CGE and the British conglomerate GEC announce Alsthom’s merger with GEC Power Systems. The new group, held equally by the two parties, is baptised GEC Alsthom (79,000 employees).

1990: The TGV Atlantique reaches 515.3 km/h, beating the world speed record for rail.

1991: CGE becomes Alcatel-Alsthom.

1998: Alsthom becomes Alstom and is listed on the stock exchange by Alcatel and GEC.

1999: Alstom and ABB merge their Power divisions into a single company, ABB Alstom Power, later to become Alstom Power in 2000.

2003: The Group is in difficulty but receives support from the French government, which becomes a shareholder. As part of a restructuring plan approved by the EU competition authorities, Alstom is obliged to cast off 40% of its activities.

Chantiers de l’Atlantique delivers the Queen Mary 2, the largest transatlantic ocean liner ever built, to Cunard Carnival.

2004: Alstom sells its Transmission and Distribution activity to Areva.

2006: Alstom sells 75 % of its subsidiary Alstom Marine to Aker Yards (Norway). The French civil engineering company Bouygues buys a 21% share in Alstom’s capital from the State, later bringing it up to 31%.

2007: Alstom sets a new rail world speed record with 574.8 km/h.

2010: Alstom and Schneider Electric buy Areva T&D, the Transmission and Distribution division sold by Alstom to Areva in 2004. Alstom then buys the Transmission activity to create a third sector, Alstom Grid.

2011: Alstom reorganises its operational activities into four sectors: Thermal Power, Renewable Power, Grid and Transport.

2014: On 19 December, an extraordinary shareholders’ meeting held by Alstom’s shareholders approves the proposed sale of Alstom’s Energy activities to General Electric.

2015: The transaction is finalised and Alstom refocuses on its transport sector.